Abboccato or Amabile: Means the wine will be medium sweet
Amaro: Very dry or bitter, describes the herbal liqueyr concoctions like Amaro Averna
Annata: Vintage (year the grapes were grown) not to be confused with Anatta the Budhist term for "not-self" or the illusion of "self"
Appoggiare: in Italian means "to support"; many top hillside vineyards in Tuscany are planted on terraced vineyards. Large terraces are called poggione.
Asciutto: Bone dry, some Proseccospresent this.
Azienda Agricola: Estate grown - the grapes are from the vineyard, not sourced.
Azienda Vinicola: A producer who buys grapes to make their wine, opposite of the above.
Azienda Vitivinicola: A combination of the two, making wine of grapes of the estate vines and sourcing grapes from other growers. Very often the best of both worlds.
Bianco: A white wine. in local tratorrias an order of Vino Bianco Locale per favore will usually be a very good wine.
Bricco/Bric: A vineyard on a high, steep ridge thought to be of higher quality. Challenging but worth the effort.
Casa Vinicola: Wine House, Wine firm
Cascina – Farmhouse or Estate
Chiaretto: A rose wine, vino rosado from the town of Bardolino on the shores of Lake Garda, like Corvino.
Classico: Originating from an old, historic place of origin such as the center of a DOC region; therefore a typical, well-respected wine
- Classico (classic): is reserved for wines produced in the region where a particular type of wine has been produced "traditionally". For the Chianti Classico, this "traditional region" is defined by a decree from July 10, 1932.
- Riserva (reserve): may be used only for wines that have been aged at least two years longer than normal for a particular type of wine.
Collio: Collio "literally means 'hill' - is all about hillside vineyards."
Conca: a depression or shallow in a hillside
DOC: Vino a denominazione di origine controllata (DOC), translated as controlled denomination of origin.
Wines grown in DOC regions must meet strict standards pertaining to production areas, grape varietals grown, grape yield per acre, alcohol content, and other specific growing, aging, and fermenting requirements.
There are over 300 DOCs in Italy.
DOCG: Vino a denominazione di origine controllata e garantita (DOCG), translated as controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin.
Wines grown in DOCG regions have the same strict set of guidelines as DOCs. They are also subject to a taste test and a chemical analysis.
In Italy, there are just over 30 DOCGs, mostly in Piemonte (Piedmont) and Tuscano (Tuscany).
Dolce: Sweet, the wonderfulItalian dessert wines.
Fattoria: A medium sized wine growing property or estate
Fermentazione Naturale: Naturally sparkling wine
Frizzante: Lightly sparkling
IGT:Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT), table wines with a style typical to the place where they are made. Introduced in 1992 it was created to recognize the unusually high quality of the class of wines known as Super Tuscans.
IGT wines are labeled with the locality of their creation, but do not meet the requirements of the stricter DOC or DOCG. Without these restrictions wine makers are free to make better more creative wines. There are 125 such Regions.
Imbottigliato all'origine: Estate bottled
Liquoroso: Strong, sweet, often fortified wine
Località: Literally, località means “locality” in Italian, though in wine labeling usage it translates more closely to "surroundings.
Maso or Masseria: Estate, usually in Puglia, one of our favorites is Masseria Altemura
Metodo Charmat: Tank method used for sparkling wine, a faster and easier way of making sparkling wine often used in making Prosecco.
Metodo Classico or Metodo Tradizonale: Traditional method, bottle-fermented sparkling wine, or méthode champenoise of the Champagne region.
Passito or Passita: A generally strong, sweet wine made from part-dried grapes
Podere: A small wine growing property or estate
Poggio: A very common word, primarily found on Tuscan wines. In common parlance it has come to mean hillside, and literally means “hill."
Produttore: A wine producer
Recioto: Like Passito but only part made with dried grapes
Riserva: Aged more than usual by the winemaker before release to market
Ronco: A hillside vineyard
Rosso: Red, Vino Rosso Per Favore.
Semisecco: Medium dry
Sodi: A piece of land that was historically very difficult to work.
Sorì: A high quality vineyard site, generally south facing
Spumante: Sparklingas in ASti Spumante
Stravecchio: Very old
Superiore: Made using high standards of production
Tenuta: A large wine growing property or estate
Uva: Grape and a great wine bar in NYC. UVA.
Uvaggio: A mixture of grapes
Vendemmia: Also means vintage
Vigna or Vigneto: A single vineyard ,Vigneti Plural
Vigniaiolo or Viticoltore: Wine grower
Vino Novello: Wine that is considered new, in the bottle less than one year
Vitigno: Variety of grape
Vivace: Slightly sparkling